This article is a short summary of how Rome came to be. Do not refer to this article as absolute fact since I gather info from many various sources that might or might not be accurate.
Egypt originated perhaps 6000 BC but oldest verified recordings are dated from 3000 BC. Why is this important as other civilizations did rise up on different locations on earth. From Egyptian civilization ascends the current religion of Christianity witch interfered with Roman culture and transformed it to our modern existence.
The Greek influence
The war of Troy happened around 1300-950BC.
The story of Rome origins from the Zack of Troy. Ensues fled to north coast of Africa (Cartago), Cartagean queen is claimed to curse both their ascendants ash she is abandoned by Ensues who headed to Laurentum Italy. They met resistance by the locals but Latinus offered his support. Utuile king didn’t accept this alliance and engaged war against Latin and Troy forces. They lost but Latinus was killed in the process and Ensues came to rule both nationalities.
Utulie turned to Etruscans for aid. Latin’s was mainly farmers as Etruscans culturally advanced. Ascanius herits Ensues throne and thru population growth he expands to a vital location of Alba Longa and the throne ascends from father to son until Nvmitor. His brother Amvlius overtakes the throne from his brother and kills his ascendants. Leaving only one of Nvmitors daughter alive. She is clamed to be raped by the god of Mars. She was placed in prison and the twins ordered to be drowned in Tiber. Due to the flooding they was left on the sluggish beaches instead of drowned. When water reseeded a ”Shewolf” came to the twins aid. And thus begins the legend of Romulus and Remus. As teenagers they picked fights with local robbers and stole their booty. Nvmitors learns of his grandsons and attempts to retake his throne. Amvlius was surprised and killed. The people accepted Nvmitors ruler ship. The boys decide to build a city for their own at the spot they was left as infants. As these attempted to decide the ruleship of the city, Remus denied the legitimacy of the ”election” and in the melee Romulus killed Remus to ensure his rule. Rome was established 390BC. (Around the time of Alexander the Great)
What happens in greece at that time:
At 500 BC Persians ruled the “midle earth” Battle of Marathon was fought in 490BC and Leonidas resistance against Xerxes armies ten years later. Xerxses concuerred at first but had distressed his resourses enough as greeks strategically held back. Persians lost their first naval battle at Salamis and due to lack of unity greeks could deliver a desisive blow at Plataea ending the war. Greece was still many small kingdoms sharing the same cultural values.
Alexanders father managed to unite a great kingdom out of Macedonia 338 BC, but lacked the vision to continue on with the strategies. Alexander the great saw growth potential in Persian domains and begun his campaign against Darius. He cleared his way down to Egypt and became a cherished god for them. Then he continued on back to the heart of previously known Babylon.
Alexander had defeted Darious numerous times but at Gaugamella came the desice blow against Persian resistance. At Persian gate Alexander unlocked the last resistance. Alexander continued on to wage war against the world.
Meanwhile when encountering Etruscan Kingdoms Romans become organized force to be reckoned with and from their heritage the roman republic is established 509 BC.
Why was Roman threat not know to the Greeks? Why did Alexander focus on Persians rather than on Romans?
Hoplites of that time had tecnological superiority but some story teller describes how Romans managed to dictate the rules of engagement when encountering Greeks. The battles was fought only on terrain when it favoured Romans. Greek had to pursue Roman forces to own disadvantage.
Rome in growth
Cartago on the opposite side of Rome becomes another cultural center attracting great scientific and cultural breaktrues. Cartago must be heavily linked with the Nile comers.
As these 2 cultures grow in science and population they begin to measure each other, fulfilling the Ensueus curse. Initially Rome looses 264 BC Cartago has naval dominance by island comers but Rome takes their share of the island 241 BC.
Wolds greatest naval battle was won at Ecnomus 256 BC. Carttagens could not defeat Roman infantry why they relied on their naval superiority. Acknowledging this Rome build a serious fleet of their own in an attempt to bring the infantry on even ground with maritime warfare. The forces clashed and the victory could have turned either way. But I guess the Roman discipline prevailed.
The Spanish territories expand under the command of Hannibal 219BC, He marched thru Spain and purchased allies on his way over the Alpes. He managed to conceal his agenda, this endeavor had decimated his army reaching Roman soil. Well in Italy he continued with his skilfull maneuvering tactics. 216 BC came to be his most revered victory at Cannea. By 212 BC his support from Itallian allies begun to fade and his armys resourse came to be exhausted. At 207 BC his success was minimal and he struggled to hold on to the land he had concurred. His forces was divided and his brothers forces crushed. He was called back to homeland to defend it from Roman harasments, (Scipio Africanus). At the battle of Zama Rome had finlally learned enough of Hannibals tactics in order to fight on even odds. Now the Roman discipline gave the upper hand and Hannibal was decisively defeated. He survived but was exiled to Persian domains. At the end of his days he was to be delivered into Rome by his hosts. He died 181 BC supposing have accidentally cut himself and dying of fever.
Cartago surrendered 202 BC but 150 BC the remains became devoured by “Pax Romana”.
Despite battling Punic wars Rome managed to Govern Greek territories. Decisive victory over Macedonian revolt at battle of Corinth 146 BC.