Fishing ABC

This is me as a noob attempting to learn how to fish for real. This article focuses mainly on cast fishing and not on other forms on fishing with nets or ice fishing nor will this article cover industrial trolling ships.

This article is intended for me as a noob to quickly remind myself of how and what to do in different scenarios. As I progress in skill on experience I will dig in greater details in each category. (Links provided within each subcategory.)


When professionals tend to start with choosing the right hook for what they are fishing for. The hook size determines how big fish you are targeting. The bigger the hook the bigger the intended fish.

A large hook is spit out by smaller fish and larger fish eating small hooks will tear  off.


Line is the next thing a professional fisher man continues with.

  • Monofill: suits soft mouthed fish and should be replaced annually from the reel. Cheapest alternative. It suits for dragging thru rocky bottoms.
  • Fluorocarbon stretches slightly and is claimed to be invisible in the water. This is the most expensive line type. This is gives superior strength with much smaller diameter why one can fit a lot more slack line on the reel.
  • Braid: Suits hard mouthed fish and top/mid water fishing. This line is sensitive and responsive why you know immediately if you have a bite and can rip the fish on to the hook. This line is so stiff that it will take damage of rocky bottoms and can wear of from bottom scrapes.


Professionals know exactly what kind of rod they what for what kind of fishing. New beginners want the stiffest rod to catch the personal best fish. But my recommendation for noobs is to pick a most versatile rod suitable for most different situations. When the knowledge of favorite fishing style matures then you can spend according to own preference.

  • Strong and stiff intended for large fish.
  • Medium rods have some flexibility at the tip and suits for larger fish as well as smaller fish.
  • Flexible rods are used to catch smaller fish with greater tactile response.

Bait casting reels

I have yet not noticed any greater differences in spinning reels why I focus more on baitcaster. Weight reduction brake quality and material makes a spinning reel more expensive.

There is a astronomically much to know of baitcaster reels but in short to differentiate the reels there are 4 different categories according to gear ratio:

  • 5:1 suits for fishing from the boat, slow dragging behind, intended for big fish.
  • 6:1 this is a compromize suitable for most formats
  • 7:1 for sensitive and tactile fishing
  • 9:1 for excessively sensitive fishing, you can quickly cover a lot of water as this reels in the lure fastest so you can probe the next location already.

Main lure types:


These are most distinctively categorized in two different types, sowft bait and hard bait.

Hard lures

The most classical casting hard lures

  • Spoon, differentiated by form and colour and some has fins to protect against grass
  • Spinner, its intention is to catch attention of the fish by making vibrations, flashes and noice in the water
  • Minnow & crankbait, these mimic real fish

These have many sub variants depending how much attention you want to attract. The lip of some hard bait are intended to rize for surface fishing or dig deep for low water fishing. Some lips are intended to mimic different kind of movement.

Flies are considered as hard bait despite being constructed of woven or feathered materials.

Soft baits

Initially soft baits was uniformed ad looked like grub but in time the soft baits have diversified

  • Grub
  • Worms
  • Fish imitations with multiple different tail structures
  • Soft lures: Bugs, frogs, crabs or even mice and ducks

Soft baits are used in many various ways of fishing, as example drop shot with many variations of setups. Ex: Texas, Carolina and Ned rigs. Top water softies are reeled in depending on the weather, slow on cold days, fast on warm days, according to fishes engagement level.


There are three main types of casting techniques

  • straight on spinning, good for dragging behind a motor boat.
  • Calm and rhythmical Spin and pause, good when searching for fish.
  • Aggressive spin and pause patterns, when you have found an active swarm and need to compete for the attention from bait fish.

Water types:

There are three different water conditions. Transparent water with different clarity. Colored or algae blooming waters. After heavy rain and storms the waters tend to be exceptionally mixed up with different particles.

  • Crystal clear water
  • Clear water
  • Mercy water
  • Muddy water


  • Black on bright works on every kind ow water types
  • Transparent, bright or black works in crystal clear waters.
  • Colored works good in mercy waters

The myth!

Parents often sell the myth of that fish are intelligent and one must mimic nature to the dot in other to conceal the unnatural lures of witch salmon is supposed to be the most intelligent ones. Researchers do however confirm salmon to have twigs and what ever foreign objects finds their way into the water in their bellies. Fish are opportunistic feeders. If you present an opportunity for them they will react. The trick is to catch the opportunity by reading the seasons, typical mating behavior and feeding procedures.




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